Risks and dangers of oil, coal, fracking and some of the benefits of shifting to clean sustainable energy

UPDATED 11.11.2017 @ 9:40pm EST

These links, articles and videos are not in any particular order, please check out all of it. Scroll down if you are looking for something in particular.

I will add to this as time goes on but this will cover some of the main issues.

To learn about solar, wind and geothermal along with other advancements on clean, safe sustainable ways to have energy produced can be found at
http://together4earth.one/wordpress/if-we-want-to-stop-pipelines-we-need-to-help-the-shift-to-clean-green-sustainable-energy/

Pipelines are being built at a breakneck pace for a few reasons, the main one is that the industry sees so many countries moving to alternatives that they want as many people as possible invested in the new pipelines and coal so that those people and institutions will, due to wanting a long term return on their investment, push back against any moves towards the cleaner safer ways plus they want investors and if they don’t run a profit in a few years they still got investors money today. A number of oil companies have gone bankrupt recently.

Our lives are negatively affected by that shallow selfish view and there’s no reason to continue doing what harms us all when we can power our lives in much safer ways.

This post is about the dangers. What are the dangers? Well, most people would answer leaks or spills and that is true, and true to a degree most people are not aware of because most states have laws and regulations that do NOT require the people be told of spills and leaks, so most people can’t even make a good decision on if we should keep using oil since they have no idea how often spills are.

But along with spills and leaks, what other dangers are there?

Let’s start with the workers and what they are subjected to.
Of course there’s there are refinery accidents or explosion, but there’s also the fact they are around toxic cancerous chemicals. They are exposed to dangerous machinery and face a much higher risk of injury than many other jobs.

With spills and leaks… it isn’t only the oil that is the problem although that is plenty dangerous and toxic, it is the chemicals mixed in to make it flow through the pipeline. Solvents, thinners. Those, when vented into the atmosphere either through a known or unknown leak ends up being breathed by the people in the area. Wherever there has been leaks there is disease.

Fracking uses hundreds of chemicals that we aren’t even given a list of because the companies want to claim it’s “proprietary” secrets and yet, even though we don’t know what chemicals are used they still inject it in our Earth to fracture (hence the word fracking) the rock-bed to get oil or natural gas out. That can get into aquifers (and actually has intentionally been “disposed of” in aquifers at some places, but it can also be “disposed of” in places other than the fracking site. For example the US EPA has ruled raw fracking waste can just be pumped right out into the Gulf of Mexico. We aren’t told what it is but they can still pump millions and millions of gallons of it into our ocean.

Fracking and wastewater disposal causes earthquakes. More than enough evidence proves this. You’re intentionally breaking up the bedrock and pushing fluids down at a high rate, to argue it doesn’t cause earthquakes at this point is beyond absurd.

When a new pipeline is built, they run water with chemicals through it to clean it. Millions of gallons of polluted water is then just pumped on the ground or into waterways or the ground.

Drilling for oil uses a lot of water and that water gets polluted and is, again, dumped somewhere. Recent revelations show it has even been used on a mass scale to irrigate crops. FOOD crops with oil wastewater (which obviously wouldn’t even be there in the first place if we didn’t use oil)
http://www.ecowatch.com/california-crops-oil-wastewater-2064638069.html

Regular oil extraction and fracking both use massive amounts of water. We need water.
We need water for drinking, for food for bathing.There have been droughts and yet we are using water… for an energy supply when there are viable proven alternatives we can use that DON’T require that use of water.

Then there is the fact workers traveling to extractions sites obviously are not with their family which would be better for all involved, plus the “man camps” as they are called where workers travel with the building of pipelines have a history of sex trafficking and other problems, which could all be avoided if they were working at a factory at home or installing or maintaining wind, solar etc at home.

Here are but a few articles and statistics on leaks, etc. As mentioned above this will be added to from time to time.

1) It’s even worse than we thought, in 2 years in North Dakota (only one state, only two years) there were 745 oil spills
http://www.nationofchange.org/2017/05/05/north-dakota-plagued-oil-spills-745-one-year/
which is even worse than what had been reported, which was… In just ONE state in just TWO years there were almost 300 spills NOT TOLD TO THE PUBLIC. So, you see, if someone says “oh, they are safe” you have to take into account they probably don’t know of the vast majority of leaks and therefor can’t make an informed judgement.

http://rt.com/usa/ndakota-failed-public-oil-spills-757/

2) Watch this video on spills/injuries.
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According to the data, since 1986 there have been nearly 8,000 incidents (nearly 300 per year on average), resulting in more than 500 deaths (red dots on the video), more than 2,300 injuries (yellow dots on the video), and nearly $7 billion in damage.
Since 1986 pipeline accidents have spilled an average of 76,000 barrels per year or more than 3 million gallons. This is equivalent to 200 barrels every day.”

3) Fracking facts http://www.alternet.org/environment/8-dangerous-side-effects-fracking-industry-doesnt-want-you-hear-about including but not limited to:

  • 40,000: gallons of chemicals used for each fracturing site
  • 8 million: number of gallons of water used per fracking
  • 600: number of chemicals used in the fracking fluid, including known carcinogens and toxins such as lead, benzene, uranium, radium, methanol, mercury, hydrochloric acid, ethylene glycol and formaldehyde
  • 10,000: number of feet into the ground that the fracking fluid is injected through a drilled pipeline
  • 1.1 million: number of active gas wells in the United States
  • 72 trillion: gallons of water needed to run current gas wells
  • 360 billion: gallons of chemicals needed to run current gas wells
  • 300,000: number of barrel of natural gas produced a day from fracking

4) When it comes to Earthquakes caused by fracking and/or wastewater injection,
Texas is experiencing a sixfold increase in earthquakes over historical levels. Oklahoma has seen a 160-fold spike in quakes.
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/drilling-for-earthquakes/

5) LGN (Liquid Natural Gas) is NOT safe.

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6) This man became a whistleblower after seeing Enbridge literally cover up an oil spill. He has amassed a lot of info about the behavior of the industry and the dangers. Some of it may shock you to see as if someone just said they did this or that it would be easy to think they were wrong, but it’s fact and there’s video. It may be sad to see that corporations and government doesn’t care, but just because it”s sad doesn’t mean we ignore it.

http://helppa.org/

7) Speaking of Enbridge, look at this…

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8) Coal poses many dangers and problems. Mountaintop removal means mercury pollution, streams destroyed. Coal workers can get black lung disease. it’s dangerous and they shouldn’t to risk their lives when we can have them employed in safer jobs like making solar panels, solar shingles, turbines etc.

http://www.livescience.com/11173-miners-face-health-risks-good-days.html

9) The failure rate among NEW natural gas pipelines is higher than older pipes, even substantially older pipes. If that is because of poor manufacture, poor material, poor quality control, poor installation or just a mixture due to the speed at which they are built and installed I do not know. I will add that chart here shortly.
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10) Also on the subject of natural gas pipelines, look at this video above, the company never had a plan to deal with a problem like this so they….. just let it leak until…. some time in the future.

11) For the same amount of money invested, MORE jobs are created by clean energy! Specifically, spending $1 million on clean energy investments generates about 17 jobs across all sectors of the U.S. economy, while spending the same $1 million on maintaining the existing fossil fuel infrastructure produces only about five jobs.
http://prospect.org/article/just-transition-us-fossil-fuel-industry-workers

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12) Eminent Domain. As they mention in this vid above obviously the government can use any reason to start forcing people to sell their houses, farms and property even if they don’t want but obviously pipeline projects put the most people at risk for something like that. Imagine it being you. Without pipelines being built the risk is not there (or if there it is much less).

13) In stunning large-format photographs, Edward Burtynsky follows the path of oil through modern society, from wellhead to pipeline to car engine — and then beyond to the projected peak-oil endgame.
https://www.ted.com/talks/edward_burtynsky_photographs_the_landscape_of_oil#

14)  Sabal Trail Pipeline Spills Covered Up by Federal Agency, Pipeline Company
Link to article:
https://truthagainstthemachine.com/exclusive-sabal-trail-pipeline-spills-covered-up-by-federal-agency-pipeline-company/
Photo from article:

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15)  The insanity of the Mountain Valley Pipeline
http://www.roanoke.com/opinion/commentary/dudley-the-insanity-of-the-mountain-valley-pipeline/article_08f705b1-7597-5bf3-b2da-c73d56e1ae73.html

Photo from article:

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16)  And there’s also the cost to us and our natural areas…
Taxpayers Charged $7 Billion a Year to Subsidize Fossil Fuels on Public Lands
https://www.ecowatch.com/taypayers-subsidize-public-lands-2420255485.html

17)  As Fossil Fuel Industry Staggers, a Massive Gas Pipeline Project Endures in Texas
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/34820-as-fossil-fuel-industry-staggers-a-massive-gas-pipeline-project-endures-in-texas#14984218562921

18) On March 23rd 2017 thousands of gallons of toxic coal slurry spilled into a tributary of the Coal River. The video below is aerial footage of the spill site.

19) The Environmental Risks and Oversight of Enhanced Oil Recovery in the United States
http://www.cleanwateraction.org/publications/EOR-risks 

20) How Much Drinking Water Has California Lost to Oil Industry Waste? No One Knows
https://ww2.kqed.org/science/2017/08/03/how-much-drinking-water-has-california-lost-to-oil-industry-waste-no-one-knows/

21) 17.6 million Americans live close to active oil and gas (and fracking) wells
Living within a mile of active wells has been correlated to increased risk for heart and neurological problems, cancers and adverse birth outcomes
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4814138/Fracking-sites-expose-17-6-million-Americans-toxins.html
and another article
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-08/phe-1ma082217.php

22) When not even completed yet we see DAPL have Two More Spills for Dakota Access Pipeline
https://www.ecowatch.com/dapl-leaks-2418962379.html

23) Fracking: report warns of risks associated with shale gas extraction
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/jul/17/fracking-report-warns-of-risks-associated-with-shale-gas-extraction

24) Study finds 6,600 spills from fracking in just four US states
https://watchers.news/2017/02/22/fracking-spills-us-study/

25) Company Behind DAPL Reported 69 Accidents, Polluting Rivers in 4 States in Last Two Years
http://www.ecowatch.com/energy-transfer-partners-track-record-2260932274.html

26) Toxic Chemicals, Carcinogens Skyrocket Near Fracking Sites
The spikes almost certainly will lead to a cancer increase in surrounding areas, a study author says.
https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/10/30/toxic-chemicals-and-carcinogens-skyrocket-near-fracking-sites-study-says

27) Pennsylvania watershed contaminated with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals
https://watchers.news/2017/07/12/pennsylvania-watershed-contaminated-with-radioactive-material-and-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals/

28) At one end of Trump’s revived Keystone XL pipeline, there’s a scene you must see to believe
https://www.businessinsider.nl/keystone-xl-canada-oil-sands-photos-2017-1/

29) Line 5 is bent and deformed where Enbridge wants to anchor it
http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/07/line_5_bends_ovals.html

30) Rover Gas Pipeline Builder Faces Investigation by Federal Regulators
Energy Transfer Partners has been accused of destroying a historic home after promising “no adverse effects” and fouling farm fields and wetlands in Ohio.
https://insideclimatenews.org/news/19072017/rover-gas-pipeline-ferc-investigation-historic-home-demolished-ohio-farm-fields-wetlands

31) Dakota Access Company Cozied Up To Ohio Officials. Then A Pollution Nightmare Began.
Newly released documents related to its Rover pipeline give weight to critics who call Energy Transfer Partners a “wolf in sheep’s clothing.”
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/energy-transfer-ohio-rover_us_59693390e4b03389bb1768b1

32) Energy Transfer’s fracked gas pipeline, Rover, has had (as of when this was posted) at least six spills and has more than 14 Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act violations since starting construction in mid-March. Construction of Rover Pipeline should be halted!
https://sierra.secure.force.com/actions/Ohio?actionId=AR0078528

33) DEP approved Mariner East 2 permits despite deficiencies, documents show
https://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/2017/03/10/dep-approved-mariner-east-2-permits-despite-deficiencies-documents-show/

34) Stop Dumping Offshore Fracking Waste Into Gulf of Mexico
A Trump administration proposal to continue allowing oil companies to dump unlimited amounts of offshore fracking chemicals into the Gulf of Mexico violates federal law and threatens imperiled marine wildlife
https://www.ecowatch.com/fracking-waste-gulf-2457974291.html

36) I was an Exxon-funded climate scientist A committed scientist and climate science communicator relates her decades-earlier ‘unique experience’ as an Exxon-funded researcher and the company’s ‘agenda for our research.’
https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2017/08/i-was-an-exxon-funded-climate-scientist/

37) Why the IPA’s claim global warming is natural is ‘junk science’
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/planet-oz/2017/aug/26/institute-of-public-affairs-paper-claim-global-warming-natural-junk-science

38) The Environmental Risks and Oversight of Enhanced Oil Recovery in the United States
http://www.cleanwateraction.org/publications/EOR-risks

39) Pennsylvania pipeline spills 55,000 gallons of gasoline into the drinking water of 6 Million People.

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40) United Nations report warns over fracking
http://www.lep.co.uk/news/environment/united-nations-report-warns-over-fracking-1-8748594
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41) Far away from any witnesses, my small town is being poisoned by fracking waste
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/sep/21/appalachia-ohio-fracking-wells-toxic

42) Enbridge knew about Line 5 coating damage for over 3 years, lied about it.
http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/11/stabenow_peters_join_outcry_ab.html

43) Line 5 was finished in 1953, it’s engineers said it would be safe for 50 years. We are now (2017) over 14 years past what they said was safe.
https://www.metrotimes.com/detroit/inside-the-fight-to-shut-down-line-5/Content?oid=2385191

44) Add this to line 5’s issues… Line 5 is bent and deformed where Enbridge wants to anchor it
http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/07/line_5_bends_ovals.html

+ Those are but a few of the reasons we should move away from fossil fuels. More will be added.
You can go to http://together4earth.one/wordpress/if-we-want-to-stop-pipelines-we-need-to-help-the-shift-to-clean-green-sustainable-energy/ for info about clean energy that can even save you money!

+ There is a lot you can do to encourage a shift to cleaner safer sustainable ways. Be informed on the issues about. Support solar, wind and geothermal by buying and investing in it.  Get pension funds and mutual funds to support it. Stand against any regulations blocking it or making it harder or more expensive.

+ Divest from the big banks, they support and profit from many things that harm us.
#BankExit After leaving banks, deposit in Credit Unions
http://www.culookup.com/
More on that can be found at http://together4earth.one/wordpress/want-a-better-world-then-bankexit-and-divest/

+ Keep in mind and remind others that this shift to a different way of powering our world is not an us/them thing. We are not against oil and coal workers. We are against that which harms us and we are for a way that is best for ALL which includes those workers.

Peace.

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#sustainability #energy #BankExit #DefundDAPL #JoinACreditUnion #ProtectorsNotProtesters #MniWiconi #WeAreStrongTogether #HonorTheTreaties #ProtectTheLandAndWater #GreenNewDeal #ItsInOurHands #PrayersAndUnity #OcetiOyate #NoTPPL #CampToyahvale #NoCTPL #CAMPTRAILDEER #TwoRiversCamp #StopTransecosPipeline #StopDiamondPipeline #SDP #NOPEcincy

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1 thought on “Risks and dangers of oil, coal, fracking and some of the benefits of shifting to clean sustainable energy

  1. So, there is now an all electric bus being tested that can get 1,100 miles on one charge.
    1,100 miles range of that bus divided by 7 miles per gallon which is what I saw as average (I could be wrong but checked a few sites) for a diesel bus = 157 gallons of fuel.
    157 gallons not used, not drilled for, not transported by train, truck or pipeline.
    One charge on that bus means 157 gallons not used, not drilled for, not transported by train, truck or pipeline.
    Multiply that out by all buses.
    Then look at the cars, trucks, vans and semis and add them into the mix on how much we will NOT drill for and transport and burn.
    That means no need whatsoever for any new pipelines.
    That means we retire old pipelines.
    That means all the people supporting, using, manufacturing and investing in this new clean way will obviously not be supporting politicians that are bought by the fossil fuel industry.
    This is big folks.
    Most of Congress is bought.
    They will lose almost all support.
    Mitch McConnell is a Senator from KY and has been in office since 1985. He has opposed what is good for the people and this country every day since then.
    He and his state will not allow Tesla’s to be sold there. They accept the registration money gladly but no Tesla dealers there because he’s bought off by oil and the other American car companies.
    Now we have more and more and more investors and workers and buyers in the electric vehicle and solar and wind industries.
    None of those people will be supporting him any more.
    This shift to a safer, cleaner energy that is better for all of us including workers can change this whole country’s political power structure.
    Research candidates, vote in ones that can prove (not just say, but prove) they support this better future and vote bums like McConnell OUT.
    Support electric vehicles, solar and wind.
    Change the world.

    🙂

    Peace

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